Submitted by info@whitespace... on Thu, 03/13/2014 - 12:00
Dumfries, Aberdeen and Dundee are early NHS pioneers in screening for cervical cancer. Edinburgh, under Forrest, does the same for breast screening in the 1980s culminating in his report.
Screening focuses attention on the disease. Helps to lead to better service provision by the NHS and support for patients by cancer charities, including Maggie’s Centres which were first established in Scotland.
Submitted by info@whitespace... on Thu, 03/13/2014 - 11:58
Fife-born James Black cuts his research teeth at the Glasgow Veterinary School physiology laboratory in the 1950s.
Other teams are looking at increasing the supply of oxygen to patients with narrowed arteries. Black’s genius is to look at it from the other end – how to restrict the heart’s demand for oxygen through the adrenaline hormone.
This leads to the beta blocker. He later applies the same principles to block acid secretion in the stomach by histamine. Management of stomach ulcers and heart disease was changed forever.
Submitted by info@whitespace... on Thu, 03/13/2014 - 11:57
The sharing of contaminated needles among drug users in the early 1980s proves a major source of HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) infection, the virus that leads to AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). Surveys showed that up to 52% of drug users in Edinburgh and 40% in Dundee were infected.
Submitted by info@whitespace... on Thu, 03/13/2014 - 11:55
Shetland-born Sir Douglas Black was professor of medicine at Manchester University.
He was one of a group of prominent Scottish doctors – which included Sir John Brotherston, Archie Cochrane, Sir Dugald Baird, Sir John Crofton, David Player and James Petrie – who challenged complacency in whatever form – denying the link between poverty and ill- health or recognising that medicine should be based on objective evidence of trials.
Submitted by info@whitespace... on Thu, 03/13/2014 - 11:54
Hans Kosterlitz and his colleague John Hughes are the first scientists to identify enkephalins, later called endorphins.
These are the pain killing substances the brain produces at the time of severe injury and what gives people the “buzz” they get from hard exercise.
The work is carried out in the unit for addictive drugs Kosterlitz set up following his retiral at the age of 70 from the chair of pharmacology at Aberdeen. Its work is considered sufficiently important to attract grant funding from the USA as well as the UK.
Submitted by info@whitespace... on Thu, 03/13/2014 - 11:50
Its task is to work with the universities, and UK research councils and Scottish Hospital Endowments Research Trust, another unique creation of the NHS in Scotland, pooling individual hospitals’ funding from the old system.
It goes on to back a whole range of projects across the biomedical and social sciences.